Instructional Strategies

Instructional Video Assignment
As I research articles for information on my Instructional Strategy Video assignment, I will keep adding the links and information to this page. The instructional strategy that I chose to research is on Role Play. Role Play is a fantastic instructional strategy that provides students an opportunity to practice a skill or view a situation from a different perspective. Role playing encourages students to let go of previous assumptions or beliefs in order to create new awareness. Situations that are highly emotional can be practiced in a safe role play environment so students can “perfect” their skill at handling this type of situation and transfer that skill when out in the “real world”.

Here is a link to my video:

http://my.brainshark.com/ROLE-PLAY-219161180

See below for some really great online articles.
The first article listed clearly outlines all aspects of role play including how role play uses both the cognitive and affective domain.

http://roleplayasaninstructionalmethodforadultlearners.weebly.com/index.html

The next two articles have fantastic information on this strategy.
http://imet.csus.edu/imet3/odell/portfolio/grartifacts/Lit%20review.pdf

http://podnetwork.org/content/uploads/V19-N5-Nickerson.pdf

There are so many instructional strategies that instructors can implement in order for their students to learn and gain deeper understanding. I have posted some of my favourites from my fellow classmates in the sidebar under Instructional Strategy videos.

Links below include many of the resources that I am collecting for my 3250 course – Instructional Strategies. There has been a multitued of articles, websites, journals and books referenced in my class forum. I have posted many of the articles in my daily/weekly posts and I have also included some that particularily stood out for me below.

Great articles on self-directed learners, how are they defined and how instructors can empower their students.The first article below talks about how we as instructors are self-regulated learners and how we can support our students to become self-regulated learners. This was posted in our forum by our instructor and it was very poignant and timely for me as I was reflecting on my own learning.

2 questions from the article really stood out to me and I have posted here for you.

1. What can I recall and what should I review?
2. How well are my learning strategies working? And what changes would I make (if any)?

Open the link below to view the entire article.

http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/teaching-and-learning/secret-self-regulated-learning/?ET=facultyfocus:e56:180737a:&st=email

These next articles came from our first forum on Self-directed learning. My fellow classmate Rhonda summarized that forum as follows:
•Heutagogy is the study of self-determined learning. It involves the process of learning content, as well as learning how to learn.
•Self-directed learning can be intimidating for incoming students. An instructor may encounter resistance when first introducing self-directed activities.
•Assessing students needs through the use of conversation and questions may help in engaging each student.
•To foster a self-directed learning environment, the instructor should create a safe, positive environment that includes encouragement and quality, timely feedback.
•Informal assessments, such as muddiest point may help gauge student comprehension, interest and engagement of a subject.
•There are four recognized facets to becoming a self-directed learner:
◦self-motivation
◦self-management
◦self-modification
◦self-monitoring
•Helping students learn to be organized, prioritize tasks and manage their time may increase confidence, leading to an increase in self-direction.
•Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivators may be directly linked to the self-directedness of students.
•There are varying degrees of self-directedness that are determined by our current circumstances, past experiences, available time and existing knowledge of the topic.
•Keep a few extra learning activities in your back pocket in case a lesson is not going as well as you had hoped. This allows you to be flexible.

http://epltt.coe.uga.edu/index.php?title=Adult_Learning
http://www.teachthought.com/learning/a-primer-in-heutagogy-and-self-directed-learning/
http://web.calstatela.edu/dept/chem/chem2/Active/main.htm
http://learningdesignstudios.com/tag/brain-learning/
http://alec2.tamu.edu/grad_courses/611/modules/module2/lesson2/grow01.pdf

The link below is for the Humber College Center for Teaching and Learning. They have some terrific articles from creating a positive environment, to self-directed learning and examples of the questioning to support your students, to teaching international students. Definitely well worth reading.

http://www.humber.ca/centreforteachingandlearning/instructional-strategies/teaching-methods/course-development-tools/technology-tools.html

Here are a few links to some sites on the “Flipped classroom”.
The forum on “The Flipped Classroom” was one that I participated in as a facilitator. Leading a forum was brand new to me and what I discovered was that if you can ask great questions, the participants are the ones to create the content. Flipping involves students doing assignments and lessons at home and doing the homework in class. There were so many thoughts about flipping, who uses it and how it can be effective. This first link is a posting by Catlin Tucker, an honors English teacher. She explains the work that students do at home and how the new flipped classroom can be viewed. It isn’t just about a student watching videos at home. There is also some great links to other resources in her Q & A section.

http://catlintucker.com/2012/04/flipped-classroom-beyond-the-videos/

And another great video on the flipped classroom below shows two high school teachers and their approach to a flipped classroom. They discuss what worked for them, what didn’t and offer some great tips and tricks on mastering the concept of flipping. Somewhat lengthy but a terrific resource!

Using different instructional strategies is a powerful way to connect with students and try out new techniques. Offering a variety of teaching methods can allow instructors to develop higher order thinking skills in their students. Below are some links on creative and critical thinking and metacognition.http://reforma.fen.uchile.cl/Papers/Teaching%20Critical%20Thinking%20Skills%20and%20problem%20solving%20skills%20-%20Gueldenzoph,%20Snyder.pdf

http://www.cala.fsu.edu/files/higher_order_thinking_skills.pdf

http://qep.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/qep-final.pdf

http://www.gse.uci.edu/person/martinez_m/docs/mmartinez_metacognition.pdf

The forum on Questioning Techniques helped me to realize that as instructors it is the art of the questioning that is crucial to the learner gaining deep understanding. There are questions that you need to ask and questions that you shouldn’t ask such as a closed ended question….or even “any questions?”. We shared some humility as we all realized there are many times we say things like “Okay?” or “Does that make sense?” My classmates had some original ideas and concepts that they felt were tried and true.
I have posted one article below that was particularily interesting to me.

It’s a questioning strategy called Pose, Pause, Pounce, Bounce allows not only one student to answer a question but many and can trigger new thoughts and viewpoints on a subject.
The video below explains how to use this questioning strategy effectively. Simple but it works.

One of our last forum discussions was on Motivation. We discussed intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation, who owns motivation – the instructor or the learner?, what kind of motivation works and who needs it? What I have learned about motivation is that it is very different for each of us. it is also very different depending on what stage of life we are at. It can be different depending on our social environment and upbringing, our values and our expectations. There is not one definitive answer. I think just recognizing how different motivation is for each of us and asking our students that very question may help us to be better instructors. You can see the TED talk on motivation by Dan Pink posted in my resource section and on an old posting.

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